# Python Set Methods Tutorial – Complete Guide

Ready to take a deep dive into Python’s set methods? In this comprehensive tutorial, we will explore Python’s built-in functionality for sets, including common use-cases and examples.

Table of contents

## What Are Python Set Methods?

Python set methods are built-in functions that allow us to modify, manipulate, and retrieve information from sets. A set in Python is a collection data type that is unordered and unindexed, and it holds unique items.

## Why Use Python Set Methods?

Using Python set methods is beneficial for numerous reasons:

• They provide efficient and straightforward ways to perform common operations on sets, such as add/remove elements and calculate intersections or unions.
• They simplify complex tasks into single function calls, improving code readability and performance.
• Working with set data structures is a common requirement in many areas of software development, such as algorithms and data analysis.

Learning Python set methods expands your toolkit as a Python programmer. Some of the most common operations in game creation and similar fields involve handling unique sets of elements. Mastering these methods will save you coding time, improve the performance of your applications and provide more efficient solutions to common programming problems.

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Super! Let’s start exploring the real power of Python set methods with some practical examples.

## Python Set Methods Examples

To start, we’ll need a set. Lets make a simple set of integers:

```my_set = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5}
print(my_set)```

Output will be: {1, 2, 3, 4, 5}

### add()

This method adds an element to the set. If the element already exists in the set, it does not add it again (remember, sets only store unique values).

Example:

```my_set.add(6)
print(my_set)```

Output will be: {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6}

### remove()

This method removes a specified element from the set. If the element does not exist in the set, it will raise a KeyError.

Example:

```my_set.remove(1)
print(my_set)```

Output will be: {2, 3, 4, 5, 6}

### discard()

This method also removes a specified element from the set. However, if the element does not exist, it will NOT raise a KeyError.

Example:

```my_set.discard(100)
print(my_set)```

Output will be: {2, 3, 4, 5, 6}

### union()

The union() method returns a set that contains all items from the original set, and all items from the specified sets.

Example:

```my_set2 = {5, 6, 7, 8, 9}
union_set = my_set.union(my_set2)
print(union_set)```

Output will be : {2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9}

### intersection()

The intersection() method returns a set containing the intersection of two other sets (elements present in both sets).

Example:

```my_set3 = {3, 4, 5, 6}
intersection_set = my_set.intersection(my_set3)
print(intersection_set)```

Output will be : {3, 4, 5, 6}

### difference()

The difference() method returns a set containing the difference between two or more sets (elements present in the first set, but not the others).

Example:

```my_set4 = {1, 2, 3}
difference_set = my_set.difference(my_set4)
print(difference_set)```

Output will be : {4, 5, 6}

### clear()

The clear() method removes all elements in a set.

Example:

```my_set.clear()
print(my_set)```

Output will be : set()

### issubset()

The issubset() method returns True if all items in a set exist in the specified set, and False otherwise.

Example:

```my_set5 = {2, 3}
is_it_subset = my_set5.issubset(my_set2)
print(is_it_subset)```

Output will be: False (because not all elements of my_set5 are in my_set2)

### issuperset()

The issuperset() method returns True if all items of the specified set exist in the original set, and False otherwise.

Example:

```is_it_superset = my_set2.issuperset(my_set3)
print(is_it_superset)```

Output will be: True (because all elements of my_set3 are in my_set2)

### pop()

This method removes and returns an arbitrary (random) set element. If the set is empty, a KeyError will be raised.

Example:

```popped_element = my_set2.pop()
print(popped_element)
print(my_set2)```

Output: The popped_element can be any element from the set, it’s removed and the resulting set will be displayed.

## Where to Go Next?

Congratulations! Now that you have mastered the basics of Python’s set methods, we encourage you to continue your journey of learning and growing as a programmer.

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## Conclusion

We hope you found our tutorial on Python Set Methods enlightening and engaging. Understanding and applying this knowledge in your coding routine can drastically improve your programming efficiency and problem-solving skills. The possibilities with Python are truly infinite!

Now that you’ve dipped your toes in Python’s powers, it’s time to dive deeper! Check out our [Python Mini-Degree](https://academy.zenva.com/product/python-programming-mini-degree/) to discover something new, nourish your inquisitiveness, and elevate your programming prowess. With Zenva, you can learn and grow at your own pace, in your own space, and become the coder you’ve always aspired to be. Happy Coding!

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