Understanding exceptions and how to handle them is quintessential for every aspiring Python programmer. Akin to a skilled game player anticipating unexpected moves, proficient coders should prepare for unexpected behaviours in their code. In this tutorial, we unravel the mysteries behind Python’s
finally clause, exploring how we can use it to make our code more robust and resilient. Whether you’re a rookie just setting out or an experienced coder looking to sharpen your skills, this tutorial promises to be an enlightening journey.
Table of contents
What is Python Try Finally?
Python provides several built-in structures for exception handling, with
finally being two such key components. Think of them as onboard airbags and seatbelts in your game vehicle, designed to protect you when unexpected incidents occur.
Why Should I Learn It?
finally statements allow your code to fail gracefully when things go awry, rather than breaking down in a catastrophic manner. Learning how to use them effectively equips you with skills to write more robust, error-resistant scripts. Not unlike a skillful gamer manoeuvring through unpredictable terrain, understanding
finally helps you navigate your coding journey more efficiently.
What is it For?
try clause lets you test a block of code for errors, while the
finally clause permits you to execute tasks, irrespective of whether an exception was encountered in the
try block or not. Picture this like a game character’s skill that always activates, regardless of the set gameplay. Indeed, a handy tool in the hands of a smart programmer!
Coding Basics of Try – Finally Clause
The fundamental syntax of
finally in Python is as follows:
try: // your code here finally: // your code here
Let’s delve right into some practical examples to illustrate the utility of the
try, finally clause in Python.
Case 1: No Exception Raised
Let’s see what happens when there’s no exception raised in the
try: print("Hello from Zenva!") finally: print("Finally clause executed!")
Here, even though no exception is raised, the
finally clause is still executed.
Case 2: Exception Raised but not Handled
If an exception occurs in the
try block and is not handled, the
finally block is still executed:
try: div = 5 / 0 # ZeroDivisionError raised here finally: print("Finally clause executed!")
ZeroDivisionError exception, the
finally block executes as expected.
Case 3: Exception Raised and Handled
How about when an exception is raised in the
try block and is duly handled? Let’s check it out:
try: div = 5 / 0 # ZeroDivisionError raised here except ZeroDivisionError: print("Divide by zero error caught!") finally: print("Finally clause executed!")
ZeroDivisionError exception is caught and handled, but the
finally clause executes nonetheless.
Case 4: Exception Raised in Finally Block
In the unlikely situation where an exception is raised within the
finally block itself, the program will break:
try: print("Hello from Zenva!") finally: div = 5 / 0 # ZeroDivisionError raised here
In this case, we don’t have an
except clause to handle the exception raised within
finally. Consequently, the program terminates abruptly.
Case 5: Using ‘finally’ with Files
Working with files is routine in Python programming. Let’s have a look at how
finally can come in handy in this context:
try: fp = open("zenva.txt", "r") content = fp.read() print(content) finally: fp.close() print("File closed!")
In this scenario, irrespective of whether an exception occurred while reading the file, the
finally clause ensures that the file is closed, thereby preventing potential leaks.
Case 6: Using ‘finally’ with Databases
Finally clause becomes especially useful when dealing with databases. Let’s take a look:
try: db_conn = DB_Connect('MyDB') # hypothetical DB_Connect class data = db_conn.fetch_data() except DB_Exception as e: print('Exception: ', str(e)) finally: db_conn.close() print("Database connection closed!")
Here, whether a database operation is successful or raises an exception, the
finally clause makes sure to close the database connection.
Case 7: Nested Try-Finally Blocks
You can wrap the
try - except - finally block in another
try - finally block:
try: try: div = 5 / 0 except ZeroDivisionError: print("Caught divide by zero error!") finally: print("Inner finally block!") finally: print("Outer finally block!")
This illustrates how
finally ensures that cleanup actions are done, regardless of the chain of exceptions and nested blocks.
In conclusion, the Python
try - finally statement is a powerful construct to add resilience and stability to your code. Grasping this concept is like perfecting a crucial game strategy, the right move at the right time can dramatically affect the outcomes. As we journey together through Python programming, these essential tools and concepts will prove indispensable.
Where to Go Next?
Having grasped the basics of Python’s
finally statements, you might be pondering your next steps. Fear not because the journey of coding, similar to a well-plotted game, is filled with never-ending levels. At Zenva, we guide you through these levels, empowering you to master the game of coding. So, where should you head next? Let’s explore!
Continue Your Journey with Zenva
We recommend our Python Mini-Degree. It’s a comprehensive collection of courses focused on Python programming, meticulously designed not only to enhance your understanding but also to equip you with practical skills. This Mini-Degree covers coding basics, algorithms, object-oriented programming, game development, and app development, thereby offering a holistic learning experience.
Like a diverse gaming arena, Python finds its footprint across various sectors, from data science and robotics to game development. By completing our Python Mini-Degree, you can build a varied portfolio of Python projects and acquire skills that are sought-after in today’s job market. The flexibility of our online courses means you can learn at your pace, whenever or wherever you are. The icing on the cake is our experienced and certified instructors who are ardent about teaching and programming.
Leveraging Zenva Academy’s Python Courses
For those who wish to explore a wider range of topics, we recommend you to check out our wide collection of Python courses. These courses cover a broad range of Python-related topics and are a perfect way to extend your learning adventure beyond this tutorial.
Whether you’re a newcomer starting your journey or a seasoned programmer aiming to perfect your craft, Zenva is the one-stop-shop solution. Learners around the globe have credited us for their success in publishing their own games and websites, landing their dream jobs, and even for starting their ventures. With Zenva, you can begin your coding journey as a beginner and emerge as a professional. Dive headfirst into your Python journey with us, and unlock your coding potential!
Unmasking the Python’s
finally clause isn’t just about mastering a syntax or a programming construct. It’s akin to unlocking a crucial power-up in a game, empowering you to tackle unexpected obstacles with finesse. The capability to handle exceptions makes your code more robust, and your Python programming journey more rewarding.
At Zenva, we place in your hands the controls to guide your learning adventure. As you venture deeper into the exciting world of Python, we remain your steadfast companion, guiding you on every twist and turn. With our Python Mini-Degree, we offer you a comprehensive platform to learn, create and master Python. Remember, in the realm of coding, there is always a new level to conquer. Keep coding, keep learning, keep conquering!
FINAL DAYS: Unlock coding courses in Unity, Unreal, Python, Godot and more.