VisualShaderNodeIntFunc in Godot – Complete Guide

Welcome to this comprehensive tutorial where we delve into the intriguing world of Godot 4 shaders, more specifically the VisualShaderNodeIntFunc class. Shaders in Godot can be a gate to visually stunning effects and gameplay mechanics in your games. Whether you’re just starting with Godot or looking to sharpen your skills, understanding how to utilize the VisualShaderNodeIntFunc class can significantly enhance your game visuals and performance. Let’s embark on this journey together and unravel the intricacies of shader programming in Godot!

What Is VisualShaderNodeIntFunc?

The VisualShaderNodeIntFunc is a crucial element in Godot’s visual shader graph. It operates by taking an integer input (x) and applying a specific function to it, yielding a transformed output. This output can then be used to affect your game’s visuals in a multitude of ways. It’s like having a mathematical toolbox at your disposal, ready to manipulate values at a granular level.

Underlying Concepts & Its Usage

Godot’s shader language allows you to write custom shaders sans complex code through its user-friendly node-based system. VisualShaderNodeIntFunc, in particular, simplifies the process of mathematical transformations on integer values, which is often required in shader programming. This functionality is valuable for creators who want to infuse their games with unique visual effects, ranging from subtle to radical transformations.

Why Should You Learn About VisualShaderNodeIntFunc?

Understanding the VisualShaderNodeIntFunc class gives you the ability to control and manipulate various aspects of your game’s graphics at a low level, offering a broader spectrum of creative possibilities. By mastering this class, you’ll be able to:

  • Enhance your game’s aesthetic and visual effects
  • Optimize your game’s performance through efficient shader use
  • Push the boundaries of visual creativity within the Godot engine

With this knowledge in your toolkit, you’ll be well on your way to creating visually captivating and high-performance games in Godot.

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Getting Started with Integer Functions in VisualShaderNodeIntFunc

To begin using VisualShaderNodeIntFunc, we first need to create a simple visual shader in Godot. This will lay the groundwork for our further experiments with integer functions. Here’s how you can create a basic VisualShader that we will then extend with our integer functions:

var visual_shader =
var shader_material =
your_mesh_instance.material_override = shader_material

Now, let’s insert an instance of VisualShaderNodeIntFunc and link it to an output:

var int_func =
visual_shader.add_node(VisualShader.TYPE_FRAGMENT, int_func, Vector2(0, 0))

var output_node =
visual_shader.add_node(VisualShader.TYPE_FRAGMENT, output_node, Vector2(200, 0))

visual_shader.node_connect(int_func, "output", output_node, "vec3")

In this snippet, you’ve created a new shader and shader material, and overriding the material of a mesh with the shader material. We’ve created our `VisualShaderNodeIntFunc` instance and then an `VisualShaderNodeOutput` to see the effect of the function on screen.

Exploring Basic Integer Functions

Let’s use this setup to explore some basic integer functions, we’ll start with the absolute value to understand the workflow:

int_func.function = VisualShaderNodeIntFunc.FUNC_ABS

This is how you assign the absolute value function to the `VisualShaderNodeIntFunc`. Now, let’s see four different integer functions you can apply:

# Absolute Function

# Sign Function

# Negate

# Bitwise NOT

These code snippets demonstrate how to set the function of VisualShaderNodeIntFunc to perform the absolute, sign function, negate, and the bitwise NOT operations. Each of these functions manipulate the integer value in different ways, allowing various effects to be achieved within your shader.

Working with Conditional Integer Functions

Conditional integer functions let you add logic to your shaders. Here’s an example using the conditional step function:

# Step Function requires two inputs
var step_func =
step_func.function = VisualShaderNodeIntFunc.FUNC_STEP

var uniform_a =

visual_shader.add_node(VisualShader.TYPE_FRAGMENT, step_func, Vector2(0, 0))
visual_shader.add_node(VisualShader.TYPE_FRAGMENT, uniform_a, Vector2(-200, -100))

visual_shader.node_connect(uniform_a, "output", step_func, "x")

This snippet demonstrates how you can use the step function by providing it with two inputs. The `VisualShaderNodeIntUniform` is essentially your ‘edge’ value for the step function, determining at which input value the function will step from 0 to 1.

Implementing Logical Operations

Logical operations are at the core of dynamic visuals. Below are some examples of how to apply logical functions:

# Bitwise AND

# Bitwise OR

# Bitwise XOR

These functions allow you to perform bitwise AND, OR, and XOR operations on your integers. These are particularly useful when you’re working with masking or creating complex, layered visual effects that depend on binary conditions.

In the next part of our tutorial, we will expand upon these concepts to create more complex shader graphs, and see these operations in action. Stay tuned to elevate your understanding of Godot’s VisualShaderNodeIntFunc capabilities and see actual results in your game’s shaders.

As we dive deeper into the potential of VisualShaderNodeIntFunc, let’s explore more advanced uses of integer functions and see how they can be implemented within a shader graph in Godot. These examples will help you understand how integer functions can impact your shader’s logic and visuals on a more sophisticated level.

First, consider a scenario where you want to create a strobing effect based on an integer timer that you’re incrementing elsewhere in your game logic:

# VisualShaderNodeIntFunc for strobing effect
var modulo_func =
modulo_func.function = VisualShaderNodeIntFunc.FUNC_MODULO

# The timer value
var timer_uniform =

# Connect the timer output to modulo function's input
visual_shader.add_node(VisualShader.TYPE_FRAGMENT, modulo_func, Vector2(200, 0))
visual_shader.add_node(VisualShader.TYPE_FRAGMENT, timer_uniform, Vector2(0, -100))

visual_shader.node_connect(timer_uniform, "output", modulo_func, "x")

# Set the second integer for the modulo function - the frequency of the strobe
modulo_func.inputs[1].default_value = 5

This example uses the modulo function to create a repeating pattern based on the timer’s value that can drive other visual components of your shader, like emissive brightness or color. You can use this to create a flickering light or a pulsing glow effect with ease.

One essential function is the clamp operation, which bounds an integer to remain within a specified range. This is invaluable for ensuring values do not exceed the limits of where they are meaningful in a shader’s context:

# VisualShaderNodeIntFunc for clamp operation
var clamp_func =
clamp_func.function = VisualShaderNodeIntFunc.FUNC_CLAMP

# Input integer to be clamped
var input_uniform =

# Minimum and Maximum bounds for the clamp
clamp_func.inputs[1].default_value = 0   # Min
clamp_func.inputs[2].default_value = 10  # Max

# Adding nodes and connections
visual_shader.add_node(VisualShader.TYPE_FRAGMENT, clamp_func, Vector2(200, 200))
visual_shader.add_node(VisualShader.TYPE_FRAGMENT, input_uniform, Vector2(0, 100))

visual_shader.node_connect(input_uniform, "output", clamp_func, "x")

With the clamp function, you could limit an intensity value for a light source, ensuring it doesn’t go below zero (to avoid visual artifacts) or above a certain maximum (to keep lighting realistic).

Another useful operation is the bitwise shift. It’s often used in shaders for packing multiple values into a single integer or manipulating data in a compact form:

# Bitwise shift left
var shift_left_func =
shift_left_func.function = VisualShaderNodeIntFunc.FUNC_SHIFT_LEFT

# Bitwise shift right
var shift_right_func =
shift_right_func.function = VisualShaderNodeIntFunc.FUNC_SHIFT_RIGHT

# Assigning some integer value to shift
var value_uniform =
value_uniform.default_value = 1  # This value will be shifted

# Connect and set the number of places to shift
visual_shader.add_node(VisualShader.TYPE_FRAGMENT, shift_left_func, Vector2(200, 400))
visual_shader.add_node(VisualShader.TYPE_FRAGMENT, shift_right_func, Vector2(200, 600))
visual_shader.add_node(VisualShader.TYPE_FRAGMENT, value_uniform, Vector2(0, 300))

visual_shader.node_connect(value_uniform, "output", shift_left_func, "x")
visual_shader.node_connect(value_uniform, "output", shift_right_func, "x")
shift_left_func.inputs[1].default_value = 2   # Shifting left by 2 places
shift_right_func.inputs[1].default_value = 2  # Shifting right by 2 places

In the context of shaders, shifting bits can control precision or optimize calculations by simply changing the magnitude of a value using binary operations, enhancing your shader’s performance without sacrificing quality.

You might also need to work with the least and most significant bits of an integer, and Godot’s VisualShaderNodeIntFunc provides operations for this:

# Finding the Least Significant Bit (LSB)
var lsb_func =
lsb_func.function = VisualShaderNodeIntFunc.FUNC_LSB

# Finding the Most Significant Bit (MSB)
var msb_func =
msb_func.function = VisualShaderNodeIntFunc.FUNC_MSB

# Assume 'value_uniform' has already been defined elsewhere
visual_shader.add_node(VisualShader.TYPE_FRAGMENT, lsb_func, Vector2(300, 800))
visual_shader.add_node(VisualShader.TYPE_FRAGMENT, msb_func, Vector2(300, 1000))
visual_shader.node_connect(value_uniform, "output", lsb_func, "x")
visual_shader.node_connect(value_uniform, "output", msb_func, "x")

These functions are particularly relevant when dealing with binary textures or complex encoding/decoding processes within a shader where each bit conveys a different piece of information.

As you can see, the VisualShaderNodeIntFunc is a versatile and powerful tool capable of facilitating numerous graphical transformations and optimizations. By understanding and applying these integer functions, you can take control over the finer aspects of your game’s visual effects, opening up a vast array of creative possibilities. Keep experimenting with these functions to discover new visual techniques for your Godot projects!

With these examples in mind, we encourage you to explore the wide range of functionalities offered by Godot’s shaders and make the most out of them to enhance your game experience. Now go forth, and let your imagination blend with the mathematical prowess of shaders to craft unique and immersive game worlds!

Now that we’re acquainted with VisualShaderNodeIntFunc’s essentials and its basic usages, let’s continue exploring its capabilities with more complex examples and understand its applications in various shader programming scenarios within Godot.

Imagine creating a patterned texture using integer functions. By combining several VisualShaderNodeIntFunc nodes with different integer operations, you can manipulate texture coordinates to produce interesting patterns:

# Modulate texture coordinates for a striped pattern
var tex_coord =
var pattern_modulo =
pattern_modulo.function = VisualShaderNodeIntFunc.FUNC_MODULO
pattern_modulo.inputs[1].default_value = 50  # Set the pattern frequency

visual_shader.add_node(VisualShader.TYPE_FRAGMENT, tex_coord, Vector2(100, 0))
visual_shader.add_node(VisualShader.TYPE_FRAGMENT, pattern_modulo, Vector2(300, 0))

visual_shader.node_connect(tex_coord, "uv", pattern_modulo, "x")

In this example, by passing the texture coordinates through a modulo function, we create a repeating striped pattern that could be used for zebra crossings, wallpapers, or simply as a stylized representation in a shader-driven material.

Furthermore, we can craft a conditional shader that reacts to player input or game states. A good example is a health bar that changes colors based on the player’s health:

# Health bar color change based on player health
var player_health =
var color_change =
color_change.function = VisualShaderNodeIntFunc.FUNC_CLAMP

var health_colors =  # We'll use this to select the color based on clamped health
var healthy_color =
healthy_color.constant = Vector3(0.0, 1.0, 0.0)  # Green for healthy
var danger_color =
danger_color.constant = Vector3(1.0, 0.0, 0.0)  # Red for danger

# Set clamping range for the player's health values (assuming a value range of 0-100)
color_change.inputs[1].default_value = 25  # Below this we start showing danger color
color_change.inputs[2].default_value = 75  # Above this we show healthy color

visual_shader.add_node(VisualShader.TYPE_FRAGMENT, player_health, Vector2(100, 200))
visual_shader.add_node(VisualShader.TYPE_FRAGMENT, color_change, Vector2(300, 200))
visual_shader.add_node(VisualShader.TYPE_FRAGMENT, health_colors, Vector2(500, 200))
visual_shader.add_node(VisualShader.TYPE_FRAGMENT, healthy_color, Vector2(500, 100))
visual_shader.add_node(VisualShader.TYPE_FRAGMENT, danger_color, Vector2(500, 300))

visual_shader.node_connect(player_health, "output", color_change, "x")
visual_shader.node_connect(healthy_color, "output", health_colors, "true")
visual_shader.node_connect(danger_color, "output", health_colors, "false")
visual_shader.node_connect(color_change, "output", health_colors, "condition")

Here, the `VisualShaderNodeIntFunc` node is used to clamp the health value, which is then fed into a `VisualShaderNodeSwitch` node. The switch node conditionally outputs either the healthy color (green) or danger color (red) based on the clamped value of the player’s health. This visual feedback is immensely useful for players to understand their in-game status at a glance.

Let’s consider a more advanced example where an integer bitmask is used to configure visual properties of an object. For instance, you might have certain gameplay elements that unlock visually as the player progresses:

# Object visual states based on a bitmask
var visual_state =
var bitmask_check =
bitmask_check.function = VisualShaderNodeIntFunc.FUNC_BIT_AND

var unlocked_feature_color =
unlocked_feature_color.constant = Vector3(1.0, 1.0, 0.0)  # Yellow for unlocked features

# Assume the second input is set to match a specific bit that defines a feature state
bitmask_check.inputs[1].default_value = 4  # The bit we're checking for the feature

visual_shader.add_node(VisualShader.TYPE_FRAGMENT, visual_state, Vector2(100, 400))
visual_shader.add_node(VisualShader.TYPE_FRAGMENT, bitmask_check, Vector2(300, 400))
visual_shader.add_node(VisualShader.TYPE_FRAGMENT, unlocked_feature_color, Vector2(500, 400))

visual_shader.node_connect(visual_state, "output", bitmask_check, "x")
visual_shader.node_connect(unlocked_feature_color, "output", bitmask_check, "y")

In this case, the `VisualShaderNodeIntFunc` with a bitwise AND operation checks whether a specific bit is set in the visual state uniform, thereby determining if a feature is unlocked (yellow color) or not.

Finally, let’s create a shader that simulates the flickering of an old film projector using random functionality:

# Simulate old film flickering effect
var flicker_intensity =
var random_flicker =
random_flicker.function = VisualShaderNodeIntFunc.FUNC_RANDOM
random_flicker.inputs[1].default_value = 100  # Maximum intensity range

visual_shader.add_node(VisualShader.TYPE_FRAGMENT, flicker_intensity, Vector2(100, 600))
visual_shader.add_node(VisualShader.TYPE_FRAGMENT, random_flicker, Vector2(300, 600))

visual_shader.node_connect(flicker_intensity, "output", random_flicker, "x")

Here, `VisualShaderNodeIntFunc.FUNC_RANDOM` generates a random value for each frame, controlled by the `flicker_intensity` uniform, creating a rustic and atmospheric visual effect that could enhance the mood in certain game scenes.

By now, you should have a solid grasp of the diverse applications of the VisualShaderNodeIntFunc class in Godot. Each example demonstrates the flexibility of integer functions in creating custom effects, responsive UI elements, and dynamic visual properties, all of which contribute to a rich, interactive gaming experience.

Experiment with these examples, tweak values, and connect different nodes to see how you can manipulate the visual aspects of your game. Remember, understanding shaders and the power of integers within them can significantly set your game apart, making it visually stunning and performant. So harness the potential of VisualShaderNodeIntFunc, and let the pixels dance to your command!

Continue Your Game Development Journey with Zenva

Mastering shaders in Godot is just the beginning. If you’re keen to expand your knowledge and dive deeper into game development with this powerful engine, Zenva’s Godot Game Development Mini-Degree is the perfect next step. You’ll learn how to build your own games in Godot 4, covering a wealth of essential topics such as 2D and 3D assets, GDScript, gameplay mechanics, and much more. This comprehensive course collection is designed to take you from beginner to confident game developer, empowering you to create and showcase your own Godot projects. Whether you’re new to the field or looking to enhance your existing skills, our flexible, project-based courses will fit right into your journey.

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In the ever-evolving realm of game development, unlocking the full potential of tools like Godot 4’s VisualShaderNodeIntFunc class becomes a gateway to unparalleled creativity and performance. As we conclude this tutorial, remember that each line of code, each node in your shader graph, is a step towards creating visually impactful and immersive game environments. With the right knowledge and resources from Zenva’s Godot Game Development Mini-Degree, the path from learning to mastery is clear and accessible.

Forge ahead in your game development odyssey, equipped with the confidence and skills cultivated through Zenva’s comprehensive courses. Let’s continue to break boundaries, bring visions to life, and write our own adventures in the vast universe of game creation. Embark on your journey today and shape the worlds of tomorrow with Zenva – because every game developer’s story starts somewhere, and yours begins here.


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